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    Deputy Agriculture Secretary Kathleen Merrigan sees an epidemic (流行病) sweeping across Americas farmland

    作者:英语阅读 文章来源:英语阅读 点击数: 更新时间:2013-9-6 9:50:40 | 【字体:
     
    核心提示:Deputy Agriculture Secretary Kathleen Merrigan sees an epidemic (流行病) sweeping across Americas farmland. It has little to do with the usual challenges, such as flood, rising fuel prices and crop-ea...
     

        Deputy Agriculture Secretary Kathleen Merrigan sees an epidemic (流行病) sweeping across Americas farmland. It has little to do with the usual challenges, such as flood, rising fuel prices and crop-eating insects. The country's farmers are getting older, and there are fewer people standing in line to take their place. National agricultural census (普查) figures show that the fastest-growing group of farmers is the part over 65. Merrigan is afraid the average age will be even higher when the 2012 statistics are completed.
        Merrigan, a former college professor, is making stops at universities across the country in hopes of encouraging more students to think about careers in agriculture. Aside from trying to stop the graying of America's farmers, her work is made tougher by a recent blog posting that put agriculture at No.1 on a list of "useless" college degrees. Top federal agriculture officials are talking about the posting, and it has the attention of agricultural organizations across the country.
        “There couldn't be anything that's more incorrect," Merrigan said. "We know that there aren't enough qualified graduates to fill the jobs that are out there in American agriculture.
        In addition, a growing world population that some experts predict will require 70% more food production by 2050, she said.
        “I truly believe we're at a golden age of agriculture. Global demand is at an all-time record high, and global supplies are at all-time record lows," said Matt Rush, director of the Texas Farm Bureau. "Production costs are going to be valuable enough that younger people are going to have the opportunity to be involved in agriculture.”
        The Department of Agriculture has programs aimed at developing more farmers and at increasing interest in locally grown food. The National Young Farmers' Coalition has also been pushing for state and federal policy changes to make it easier for new farmers.
        Ryan Best, president of Future Fanners of America, has been living out of a suitcase, traveling the country and visiting with high school students about careers in agriculture. The 21 -year-old Best hopes his message-that this is a new time in agriculture-will motivate the next generation to turn around the statistics. “Never before have we had the innovations ( 创新) in technology which have led to agriculture in this country being the most efficient it has ever been.” he said. “There’s really a place for everybody to fit in.”
    67. What is the new challenge to American agriculture?
       A. Fewer and older farmers.             B. Higher fuel prices.
       C. More natural disasters.               D. Lower agricultural output.
    68. Why is Merrigan visiting universities across the country?
       A. To draw federal agriculture officials' attention.  B. To select qualified agriculture graduates.
       C. To clarify a recent blog posting.       D. To talk more students into farming careers
    69. According to Matt Rush, American agriculture will provide opportunities for younger 
       people because__________.
       A. the government will cover production costs  B. global food supplies will be even lower
       C. investment in agriculture will be profitable      D. America will increase its food export
    70. What do the underlined words "to turn around the statistics" in the last paragraph mean?
       A. To re-analyze the result of the national census.    B. To increase production.
       C. To bring down the average age of farmers.     D. To invest more in agriculture.


    阅读理解(共20 小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
     67-70  ADCC

    英语阅读翻译

        农业部副部长凯思琳Merrigan看到流行(流行病)席卷美国农田。这一点与通常的挑战,如洪水,燃料价格上涨、害虫。中国的农民越来越大,并有较少的人排队到需要他们的地方。全国农业普查(普查)的数据显示,增长最快的一群农民超过65的部分。莫里根害怕的平均年龄将更高,当2012统计完成。
        Merrigan博士,一位前大学教授,是在鼓励更多的学生考虑从事农业的希望全国各地停止。除了试图阻止美国农民老龄化,她的工作是更严格的最近的一个博客,把农业放在第一位名单上的“无用”的大学学位。联邦农业部官员在谈论张贴,具有农业组织全国的关注。
        “不可能有任何的错误,“莫里根说。”我们知道,没有足够的合格毕业生填补工作都在美国农业。
    此外,世界人口的增长,一些专家预测将需要70%更多的粮食产量的2050,她说。
        “我相信我们在一个农业黄金时代。全球需求的空前纪录,和全球供应都处于历史新低,说:”太匆忙,对德克萨斯农业局局长。”生产成本也要有足够的年轻人将有机会参与农业。”
        农业部还旨在开发更多的农民,在越来越大的兴趣在当地种植的食品项目。全国青年农民联盟也推动了州和联邦政策的变化使新的农民更容易。
        瑞安最好的,美国未来农民主席,一直生活在一个手提箱,在全国各地跑,与农业职业高中学生约。21岁的最好希望他的消息,这是农业中的新时代将激励下一代转身统计。“我们从未有过的创新(创新)技术具有LED在这个国家的农业是最有效的了。”他说。“这真是一个让每个人都能适应的地方。”

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