Ricardo Semler became boss of his father's business in Brazil
|作者：英语阅读 文章来源：英语阅读 点击数： 更新时间：2013-11-4 10:10:18 | 【字体：小 大】
At 21，Ricardo Semler became boss of his father's business in Brazil，Semco，which sold parts for ships. Semler Junior worked like a mad man，from 7：30 am，until midnight every day. One afternoon，while touring a factory in New York，he collapsed. The doctor who treated him said，"There's nothing wrong with you. But if you continue like this, you'll find a new home in our hospital. "Semler got the message. He changed the way he worked. In fact，he changed the ways his employees worked too.
He let his workers take more responsibility so that they would be the ones worrying when things went wrong. He allowed them to set their own salaries，and he cut all the jobs he thought were unnecessary，like receptionists and secretaries. This saved money and brought more equality to the company. "Everyone at Semco，even top managers，meets guests in reception，does the photocopying，sends faxes，types letters and dials the phone."
He completely reorganized the office：instead of walls，they have plants at Semco，so bosses can't shut themselves away from everyone else. And the workers are free to decorate their workspace as they want. As for uniforms，some people wear suits and others wear T-shirts.
Semco has flexible working hours：the employees decide when they need to arrive at work. Also，Semco lets its workers use the company's machines for their own projects，and makes them take holidays for at least thirty days a year.
It sounds perfect，but does it work? The answer is in the numbers：in the last six years，Semco's revenues have gone from$35 million to$212 million. The company has grown from eight hundred employees to 3，000. Why?
Semler says it's because of "peer pressure". Peer pressure makes employees work hard for everyone else. If someone isn't doing his job well，the other workers will not allow the situation to continue. In other words，Ricardo Semler treats his workers like adults rather than children, and expects them to act like responsible adults. And they do.
大意：本文主要介绍巴西企业家Ricardo Semler，摒弃传统管理模式，另辟蹊径，独创了一套人性化的现代企业管理模式：以自由和信任为基础，借助“"peer pressure”，增强员工的责任心，从而努力工作，实现双赢。
31.According to Paragraph 1, which of the following statements is True?
A. Ricardo Semler is a 21-year employer.
B. Semco is the name of a ship.
C. Ricardo Semler fell seriously ill because of overwork.
D. The doctor’s words had a great effect on Ricardo Semler.
32. Semler made a variety of changes in his company Except__________.
A. the staff was lessened to save money
B. the employees were given less holidays every year.
C. flexible working hours were introduced
D. the employees enjoyed a lot of freedom
33. What’s the main idea of Paragraph five?
A. Ricardo Semler’s new management method succeeded.
B. Ricardo Semler’s idea sounded perfect but not practical.
C. The company earned a lot of money.
D. The reason for his success.
34. In his company, what does Ricardo Semler value most?
A. freedom B. rules C. responsibility D. hard work
解析：从第2段的第1句中的“He let his workers take more responsibility”和文章最后1句中的“responsible adults”，C为最佳答案。
35. Which of the following best describes Semler’s quality?
A. human and creative B. clever and diligent
C. intelligent and casual D. considerate and selfless
解析：纵观全文,有“人情味和创造性”是他的最大特点，B.中的 diligent 是原来的他；C. 中的casual是“随意的”；D.中的selfless文章未提到。