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    Legal challenges to the on-line quality monitoring (monitoring) plan for the invasion of Britain and Europe tens of millions of people's privacy.

    作者:英语阅读 文章来源:英语阅读 点击数: 更新时间:2013-11-4 10:15:06 | 【字体:
     
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    C(新闻报道 应用文)
        The UK spy agency GCHQ is facing a legal challenge in the European courts over claims that its mass online surveillance(监察) programmes have invaded the privacy of tens of millions of people across the UK and Europe. Three campaign groups – Big Brother Watch, the Open Rights Group and English PEN – together with the German internet activist Constanze Kurz, have filed papers at the European court of human rights claiming that the collection of vast amounts of data by GCHQ is illegal.
        The move follows revelations by Edward Snowden that GCHQ has the ability to collect more than 21 petabytes of data a day – equal to sending all the information in all the books in the British Library 192 times every 24 hours.
        Daniel Carey, lawyer at Deighton Pierce Glynn, which is taking the case, said: "We are asking the court to declare that unlimited surveillance of much of Europe's internet communications by the UK government, and the outdated regulatory system that has permitted this, invade our privacy." Files leaked by Snowden show GCHQ and its American partner, the National Security Agency, for which he worked, have developed abilities to undertake industrial-scale surveillance of the web and mobile phone networks. This is done by searching for the servers of internet companies and collecting raw data from the undersea cables that carry web traffic. Two of the programmes, Prism and Tempora, can sweep up vast amounts of private data, which is shared between the two countries.
        The revelations have led to widespread concern in Europe and the US about the power of the UK and US security services to gather online communications. Last week Lord King, a former Conservative defence secretary, called for a review of the laws used to justify surveillance and interception(窃听) techniques.
        Nick Pickles, director of Big Brother Watch, said the regulatory system was no longer fit for purpose."The laws governing how internet data is accessed were written when barely anyone had broadband access and were intended to cover old-fashioned copper telephone lines," he said."Parliament did not intend those laws to permit collecting details of every communication we send, so it's absolutely right that GCHQ is held responsible in the courts for its actions."(371w)
    36. What is GCHQ accused of according to the passage?
        A Sending all the information in all the books in the British Library.
        B Collecting vast amounts of information of the US government.
        C Invading the privacy of a great number of Britons and Europeans .
        D Claiming its mass online surveillance programmes.
    (根据第一段第一句The UK spy agency GCHQ is facing a legal challenge in the European courts over claims that its mass online surveillance(监察) programmes have invaded the privacy of tens of millions of people across the UK and Europe.)
    37. Who revealed the secret of GCHQ?
        A Constanze Kurz   B Edward Snowden  C Daniel Carey  D Lord King
    (根据第二段的The move follows revelations by Edward Snowden或者第三段的Files leaked by Snowden show GCHQ)
    38.What doe the word “This” in Paragraph 3 refer to ?
        A Collection of raw data from the undersea cables.
        B Search for the servers of internet companies.
        C Ability of GCHQ to undertake surveillance of the web and mobile phone network.
        D Leaks of national security by its American partner.
    (根据第三段abilities to undertake industrial-scale surveillance of the web and mobile phone networks.)
    39. Which is TRUE according to the passage?
        A Lord King considered it necessary to review the laws on justifying surveillance and interception techniques.
        B The revelations haven’t caused any concern in related countries.
        C Private data from Prism and Tempora is shared by Germany and The UK.
        D Nick Pickles believes that the laws on how internet data is accessed needn’t updating.
    (根据第四段Last week Lord King, a former Conservative defence secretary, called for a review of the laws used to justify surveillance and interception(窃听) techniques.)
    40. In which session are you likely to read the passage in a newspaper?
        A Science  B Education  C Entertainment  D News
    (根据整篇文章谈论的话题可知。)

    (解析:每题后给出了解释,并在原文中把信息来源的文字改成了蓝色。短文字数为346个)

    翻译

        英国情报局GCHQ面临在欧洲法庭上声称,它的质量在线监控的法律挑战(监察)计划入侵的英国和欧洲的数千万人的隐私。三运动团体–大哥看,开放权利组织和英国笔–与德国互联网活动家康斯库尔兹,已提交的文件,在欧洲人权法院声称大量的数据收集由GCHQ是违法的。
        此前,爱德华斯诺登披露,英国有能力收集超过21字节的数据一天–等同于所有书发送的所有信息在大英图书馆192次,每24小时。
        丹尼尔卡蕾,在戴顿皮尔斯格林律师,是以,说:“我们要求法院宣布,无限的监视欧洲大部分的互联网通信由英国政府,和过时的监管体系,允许这,侵犯我们的隐私泄露。”斯诺登告诉英国和其美国合作伙伴文件,国家安全局,为他工作,已经发展到进行工业规模的网络和移动电话网络的监控能力。这是通过搜索互联网公司的服务器和从Web流量进行海底电缆采集的原始数据进行。这两个方案,棱镜时,能够把大量的私有数据,这是两国共同。
        启示在欧洲造成了普遍的关注,我们对英国电力和美国安全部门收集在线通讯。上周,国王,一个保守党前国防部长,称为用来监视和拦截的法律的审查(窃听)技术。
        尼克酱菜,大哥看主任说,监管制度不再适用了。”规律的互联网数据访问都是在几乎任何人都有宽带接入,打算盖老式的铜电话线,”他说。“议会不打算让这些法律允许收集各种通信我们将细节,所以这是绝对正确的,负责在英国法院的行动。”(371w)

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