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    Meeting people from another culture can be difficult

    作者:英语阅读 文章来源:高考英语 点击数: 更新时间:2014-1-17 14:16:36 | 【字体:
     
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        Meeting people from another culture can be difficult. From the beginning, people may send the wrong signal (信号). Or they may pay no attention to signals from another person who is trying to develop a relationship.
        Different cultures emphasize (强调) the importance of relationship building to a greater or lesser degree. For example, business in some countries is not possible until there is a relationship of trust. Even with people at work, it is necessary to spend a lot of time in "small talk", usually over a glass of tea, before they do any job. In many European countries -- like the UK or France -- people find it easier to build up a lasting working relationship at restaurants or cafes rather than at the office.
        Talk and silence may also be different in some cultures. I once made a speech in Thailand. I had expected my speech to be a success and start a lively discussion; instead there was an uncomfortable silence. The people present just stared at me and smiled. After getting to know their ways better, I realized that they thought I was talking too much. In my own culture, we express meaning mainly through words, but people there sometimes feel too many words are unnecessary.
        Even within Northern Europe, cultural differences can cause serious problems. Certainly, English and German cultures share similar values; however, Germans prefer to get down to business more quickly. We think that they are rude. In fact, this is just because one culture starts discussions and makes decisions more quickly.
        People from different parts of the world have different values, and sometimes these values are quite against each other. However, if we can understand them better, a multicultural environment (多元文化环境) will offer a wonderful chance for us to learn from each other.
    51. In some countries, eating together at restaurants may make it easier for people to ________.
       A. develop closer relations   B. share the same culture
       C. get to know each other             D. keep each other company
    52. The author mentions his experience in Thailand to show that ________.
       A. the English prefer to make long speeches       
       B. too many words are of no use
       C. people from Thailand are quiet and shy by nature
       D. even talk and silence can be culturally different
    53. According to the text, how can people from different cultures understand each other better?
       A. By sharing different ways of life. B. By accepting different habits.
       C. By recognizing different values.     D. By speaking each other' s languages.
    54. The author implies in the passage that ________.
       A. Germans are less decisive and efficient than the English
       B. the speech made in Thailand was not a success in the audience’s eyes
       C. cultural differences hardly cause serious problems within European countries
       D. it’s unnecessary to do a lot of “small talk” with people at work
    55. What would be the best title for the text?
       A. Multicultural Environment.          B. Cross-Cultural Differences.
       C. How to Understand Each Other.      D. How to Build Up a Relationship.


    英语阅读答案

    51-55 ADCBB

    翻译

        会议从另一种文化的人是很困难的。从一开始,人们可能会发出错误的信号(信号)。或者他们可能没有注意到的信号从另一个人谁是试图建立一个关系。
    不同的文化(强调)强调的重要性关系建立在较大或较小的程度。例如,在一些国家的业务到信任关系的存在是不可能的。即使有人在工作,这是需要花费大量的时间在“闲聊”,通常在一杯茶,再做任何工作。在许多欧洲国家的人——比如英国法国——更容易建立持久的工作关系,在餐厅或咖啡馆里而不是在办公室。
        说话和沉默也可能是在一些不同的文化。我曾经在泰国的演说。我以为我的演讲是成功的开始了热烈的讨论;取而代之的是一个不舒服的沉默。在场的人只是盯着我微笑。了解他们的方式更好地后,我意识到,他们认为我话太多了。在我自己的文化,我们表达的意义主要是通过文字,但那里的人有时会觉得太多的话是不必要的。
        即使在欧洲北部,文化差异会导致严重的问题。当然,英国和德国的文化分享相似的价值;然而,德国人喜欢下去更迅速的业务。我们认为他们是粗鲁的。事实上,这是因为一个文化开始讨论和决定迅速。
        来自世界不同地区的人有不同的价值观,有时这些值是相当彼此。然而,如果我们能更好的理解他们,一个多元文化的环境(多元文化环境)将提供我们互相学习的好机会。

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